16 Tenses Dalam Bahasa Inggris dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Berdasarkan pembagian waktunya, Tenses didalam tata bahasa inggris dibagi menjadi 3,yaitu:
1. Sekarang (Present  tense)
2. Dulu (Past tense)
3. Akan datang (Futuretense )

Dari Masing-masing 3 pembagian waktu tersebut kemudian dibagi lagi menjadi 3 bagian berdasarkan cara penggunaannya:
1. Simple (Sederhana).
2. Continuous (Sedang dilakukan).
3. Perfect (sudah selesai dilakukan).


B. 16 Tenses dalam Bahasa Inggris:

Berikut ini adalah penjelasan 16 Tenses yang terrdapat pada tata  Bahasa Inggris dan Contoh Kalimatnya.

1. Simple Present

Fungsi:
a. Untuk meyatakan suatu  kebenaran umum/ mutlak

Rumus 
(+)S + Tobe + Noun/ Adjective
(-)  S + Tobe +Not+ Noun/ Adjective
(?)Tobe + S +Noun/ Adjective ?

Contoh :
(+) She is smart
(-) She is nit smart
(?)Is she smart?

b. Untuk meyatakan suatu  pekerjaan rutin. 

Rumus
(+) S + V1 ( + Object )
(-) S + Do/Does + not +V1  
(?)Do/Does + not + S + V1?

Contoh :
(+) She eats an apple
(-) She does not eat apple
(?) Does she eat apple?


2. Present Continuous.

Fungsi:
Untuk meyatakan suatu  pekerjaan yang sedang berlangsung

Rumus
(+) S + am/is/are + Verb.ing
(-) S + am/is/are + not + Verb.ing
(?) Am/is/are + S + Verb.ing

Contoh :
She is reading a magazine
She is not reading a magazine
Is she reding a magazine?

3. Present Perfect

Fungsinya:
Untuk meyatakan suatu  pekerjaan yang telah usai pada saat sekarang.

Rumus 
(+) S + have/has + V3  
(-)  S + have/has + not + V3
(?) Have/has + S + V3?

Contoh :
She has eaten an apple
She has not eaten an apple
Has she eaten an apple?

4. Present Perfect Continuous tense 

Fungsi:
Untuk meyatakan suatu  pekerjaan yang sudah terjadi dan masih terdapat  kemungkinan terjadi sampai nanti.

Rumus
(+) S + have/has + been + Ving  
(-)  S + have/has + not + been + Ving
(?) Have/has + S + been + Ving
   
Contoh :
(+)  She has been waiting for you since she was at senior high school
(-)  She has not been waiting for you since she was at senior high school
(?)  Has She been waiting for you since she was at senior high school

5. Simple Past tense

Fungsi:
Menunjukkan pekerjaan yang terjadi pada masa lampau atau waktu pekerjaan sudah lewat namun tidak menunjukkan bahwa pekerjaan atau kegiatan tersebut telah selesai.

Rumus
(+) S + V2 + O
(-)  S + did + not + Verb1
(?) Did + S + Verb1)

Contoh :
(+) she ate meatball in the canteen
(-)  she did not eat meatball in the canteen
(?) Did she eat meatball in the canteen?
       .

6. Past Continuous.

Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang sedang terjadi pada masa lampau.
(+) S + was/were + Ving    
(-)  S + was/were + not + Ving
(?)  Was/were + S + Ving  
        
Contoh :
(+)  She was watching television at 2 o’clock
(-)  She was not watching television at 2 o’clock
(?)   was  She watching television at 2 o’clock


7. Past Perfect.

Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang telah selesai ketika pekerjaan lain baru dimulai pada masa lampau.

Rumus
(+) S + Had + V3        
(-)  S + Had + not + V3
(?)  Had + S + V3    

Contoh :
(+) She had finished doing her homework before you came here
(-)  She had not finished doing her homework before you came here
(?)  had She finished doing her homework before you came here?

8. Past Perfect Continuous.

Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang sudah terjadi pada masa lalu dan masih berlangsung hingga waktu tertentu pada masa lampau.

Rumus
(+) S + had + been + Ving
(-)  S+had+not+been+Ving
(?) had+S+been+Ving  
   
Contoh 
(+) She had been playing badminton at 7 o’clock
(-)  She had not been playing badminton at 7 o’clock
(?) had She been playing badminton at 7 o’clock?

9. Simple Future.

Fungsinya:
Menunjukkan pekerjaan sederhana yang akan terjadi

Rumus
(+) S + will + Verb1      
(-)  S + will+ not + Verb1
(?) Will + S + Verb1    
  
Contoh :
(+) she will go to Bandung tomorrow
(-)  she will not go to Bandung tomorrow
(?)  will she go to Bandung tomorrow?

10. Future Continuous.

Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang sedang terjadi pada masa yang akan datang.

Rumus
(+) S + will + be + Verb ing        
(-)  S+ will + not + be + Verb ing
(?)  Will + S + be + Verb ing  

Contoh :
(+)  he will be working tomorrow at 10 o’clock
(-)  he will not be working tomorrow at 10 o’clock
(?) will he be working tomorrow at 10 o’clock?

11. Future Perfect.

Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang telah selesai di masa yang akan datang.

Rumus
(+) S + will + have + V3          
(-)  S + will + have + not + V3
(?) Will + S + have + V3    
    
Contoh :
She will have finished cooking at 10 o’clock
(-)  She will not have finished cooking at 10 o’clock
(?) will She  have finished cooking at 10 o’clock

12. Future Perfect Continuous.

Fungsi:
Menyatakan peristiwa yang sudah dimulai dan masih berlangsung namun kejadiannya tidak sekarang tapi di masa depan.

Rumus
(+) S+will+have+been+Ving
(-)  S+will+have+not+been+Ving,
(?) Will+S+have+been+Ving,

Contoh :
(+) She will have been working at 10 o’clock
(-)  She will not have been working at 10 o’clock
(?) Will she have been working at 10 o’clock?

13. Past Future.

Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang akan dilakukandan akan selesai pada masa lampau.

Rumus
(+): S + would + Infinitive/Verb1
(-): S + would + not + Infinitive/Verb1
(?): Would + S + Infinitive/Verb1

Contoh :
(+)she would finish washing if you didn’t come here.
(-)she would not finish washing if you didn’t come here.
(?)would she finish washing if you didn’t come here.

14. Past Future Continuous.

Fungsi:
 Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang akan sedang dilakukan di masa lampau.

Rumus
(+) S + would + be + Verb.ing  
(-)   S + would + not + be + Verb.ing
(?)  Would + S + be + Verb.ing      

Contoh :
(+)  she would be finish cooking if the stove is not broken
(-)  she would not be finish cooking if the stove is not broken
(?) would she be finish cooking if the stove is not broken

15. Past Future Perfect.

Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang akan sudah selesai dilakukan pada masa lampau.

Rumus
(+) S + would + have + been + V3      
(-)  S + would + not + have + been + V3
(?) Would +S+ have+ been+ V3
      
Contoh :
(+) This office would have been painted if all workers had came yesterday.
(-)  This office would not have been painted if all workers had came yesterday
(?) Would This office have been painted if all workers had came yesterday?

16. Past Future Perfect Continuous.

Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang mungkin akan telah dilakukan dan masih dilakukan pada masa lalu.

Rumus
(+) S + would + have + been + V-ing      
(-) S + would + not + have + been + V-ing
(?) Would + S + have + been + V-ing?

Contoh :
(+) she would have been sleeping if the fan was not broken
(-) she would not have been sleeping if the fan was broken
(?) would she have been sleeping if the fan was broken ?


Demikianlah artikel kami tentang 16 Tenses Dalam Bahasa Inggris dan Contoh Kalimatnya. Kami sangat sadr akan kekurangan yang ada pada artikel kami.untuk itu kami sangat menerima apabila anda memiliki kritik atau saran untuk kami agar kami lebih baik untuk menjadi yang terbaik.semoga bermanfaat dan terima kasih….

Baca juga :



0 Response to "16 Tenses Dalam Bahasa Inggris dan Contoh Kalimatnya"

Post a Comment