Pengertian Passive Voice Beserta Rumus Dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Pengertian Passive Voice Beserta Rumus Dan  Contoh Kalimatnya - Pasif voice adalah cara merubah dari kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif  artinya pelaku atau subjek pada kalimat aktif berubah menjadi objek atau dengan kata lain adalah sebagai penderita.Sebagai Contoh dalam bahas Indonesia pada kalimat “dia makan jeruk “ berubah menjadi  “jeruk dimakan dia”.
Jika dalam tata bahasa Indonesia hanya merubah imbuhan (me/ ber) menjadi (di/ ter) maka dalam tata bahasa inggris terdapat sedikit perbedaan karena harus mengikuti bentuk waktu dari penggunaan tenses nya.

B. RUMUS PASIF VOICE

1. Simple Present Tense

Aktif : S + Verb 1 + Object
Pasif : Subject + Am/Is/Are + Verb 3 + by + Object

Contoh Dalam Kalimat :
Aktif : She buys a new bike
Pasif : A new bike is bought by her

2. Present Continuous

Aktif : S + to be (am, are, is) + Verb ing + O
Pasif : S + to be (am, are, is) + being + V3 + by + O

Contoh Dalam Kalimat :
Aktif : She is eating cake
Pasif : Cake is being eaten by her

3. Present Perfect Tense

Aktif : S + have  + V3 + by + O
Pasif : S + have/has + been + V3 + by + O

Contoh dalam kalimat :
Aktif : She has eaten a cake
Pasif : A cake has been eaten by her


4. Present Perfect  Continuous Tense

Aktif : S + have/has + been + V1-ing + O
Pasif : S + have/has + been + being + V3 + by + O

Contoh Dalam Kalimat :
Aktif : She has been eating a cake
Pasif : A cake has been being eaten by her


5. Simple Past Tense 

Aktif : S + V2 + O
Pasif : S + to be (was, were) + V3 + by + O

Contoh Dalam Kalimat :
Aktif :  She ate a cake
Pasif :  A cake was eaten by her

6. Past Continuous Tense

Aktif : S + to be (was, were) + V1-ing + O
Pasif : S + to be (was, were) + being + V3 + by + O

Contoh Dalam Kalimat :
Aktif : She was eating a cake
Pasif : A cake was being eaten by her

7. Past Perfect Tense

Aktif : S + had  + V3 + O
Pasif : S + had + been + V3 + by + O

Contoh Dalam Kalimat:
Aktif : She had eaten a cake
Pasif : A cake had been eaten by her


8. Past Perfect  Continuous Tense

Aktif : S + had + been + V1-ing + O
Pasif : S + had + been + being + V3 + by + O

Contoh dalam kalimat  :
Aktif : She had been eaten a cake
Pasif : A cake had been being eaten by her

9. Simple Future

Aktif : S + will not + V1 + O
Pasif : S + will be + V3 + by + O

Contoh dalam kalimat :
Aktif : She will eat a cake
Pasif : A cake will be eaten by her

10. Future Continuous

Aktif : S + will + be + V1-ing + O
Pasif : S + will + be + being + V3 + by + O

Contoh Dalam Kalimat :
Aktif : She will be eating a cake
Pasif : A cake will be being eaten by her

11. Future Perfect Tense

Aktif : S + will + have + V3 + O
Pasif : S + will + have + been + V3 + by + O

Contoh dalam kalimat :
Aktif : She will have eaten a cake
Pasif : A cake will have been eaten by her

12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Aktif : S + will + have + been + V1-ing + O
Pasif : S + will + have + been + being + V3 + O

Contoh dalam kalimat :
Aktif : She will have been eating a cake
Pasif : A cake will have been being eaten by her

13. Simple Past Future Tense

Aktif : S + would +  V1 + O
Pasif : S + would + be + V3 + by + O

Contoh dalam kalimat :
Aktif : She would eat a cake
Pasif : A cake would be eaten by her

14. Past Future Continuous Tense

Aktif : S + would + be + V1-ing + O
Pasif : S + would + be + being + V3 + by + O

Contoh dalam kalimat :
Aktif : She would be eating a cake
Pasif : A cake would be being eaten by her

15. Past Future Perfect Tense

Aktif : S + would + have + V3 + O
Pasif : S + would + have + been + V3 + by + O

Contoh dalam kalimat :
Aktif : She would have eaten a cake
Pasif : A cake would have been eaten by her

16. Past Future Perfect Continuous

Aktif : S + would + have + been + V1-ing + O
Pasif : S + would + have + been +being + V3 + by + O

Contoh dalam kalimat :
Aktif : She would have been eating a cake
Pasif : A cake would have been being eaten by her

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